"Extended Audiences" will investigate the ways in which performances are seminal for the formation of temporal communities that both emerge from and transcend co-present theatrical communities. Issues of performance and audience involvement always have a temporal dimension; ephemeral as the moment of a recital or performance may seem, an audience’s engagement with the literary experience outlasts the actual event. We will investigate how the limited temporal and spatial experience of a reading or performance is transformed as the performance’s original confines are extended. Processes like these constitute temporal communities of their own, involving not only the original audience and performers, but also people overhearing conversations in a city square, reading about the event in a court circular, seeing a photograph on Instagram, or watching a video on YouTube. Within such a chain of material and communicative transformations, continuity and discontinuity, presence and absence enter relations of enduring tension. While performances may, indeed, be ephemeral, their reception is capable of triggering long-term entanglements that resonate through space and time.