Research Area 1, "Competing Communities", will investigate how a perceived literary globality is actually an effect of competing communities. RA 1 will question the totalising implications of previous notions of the ‘global’ and supplant them with a concept of ever-shifting relations of transtemporal competitive entanglement. It will be especially interested in the criteria for what constitutes a community – what does it take to speak of a community? How small, how large can they be? Can they intersect? Can an actor belong to different communities at the same time? How do communities voice their claims to globality?